Saturday, 18 February 2012

Scheduled Waste's APPLICATION FOR SPECIAL MANAGEMENT


Scheduled Waste's APPLICATION FOR SPECIAL MANAGEMENT

The Malaysian Department of Environment (DOE) has classified certain wastes and defined them as scheduled wastes as listed in the First Schedule of the Environmental Quality (Scheduled Wastes) Regulations, 2005. In some cases, however, a number of these scheduled wastes does not exhibit any hazardous characteristic and pose any potential hazard either to human health or to the environment. Therefore, this legislation provides a provision for the application known as the Special Management of Schedule Waste. It is a legalized exemption but not amounting to its preclusion from DOE's supervision.
  

APPLICATION FOR SPECIAL MANAGEMENT OF SCHEDULED WASTE

1.            Under Regulations 7 of the Environmental Quality (Scheduled Wastes) Regulations, 2004, a generator of scheduled wastes may apply to the Director General of Environmental Quality to exclude a specific scheduled waste from scheduled waste regulations.

2.            The general requirements for the application are described in this guideline.

3.            Any scheduled waste generator  may manage it’s waste as non scheduled wastes after the Director General of Environmental Quality grants a written approval or exclusion.

APPLICATION FOR  INFORMATION REQUIREMENTS

4.            In order for the waste to be excluded from the requirements scheduled waste regulations requirement, scheduled waste generators must demonstrate that the waste :-

i)          Does not exhibit any of the hazardous wastes characteristic - ignitability, reactivity, corrosivity and toxicity , as defined in Appendix 1; 

ii)         Has been proven by scientific studies and tests on its toxicity and carcinogenic and does not have hazard effects on human or other life forms as specified in Appendix 2, which amounted to concentration which is equal to, or exceeds the percentage limits (percentage weights) specified in Appendix 3 . A generator/ applicant shall submit  reports, records or journals in order to prove that the waste does not exhibit any of the elements mentioned; and

iii)        It is not capable of posing potential hazard to human health or the environment when improperly treated, stored, transported or disposed of, or otherwise managed.

7.         The applicant shall provide the information as required in AS WM 1/4 form together with processing fee of RM 300.00 which is not refundable  (Appendix 4).

Appendix 1
CHARACTERISTIC OF HAZARDOUS WASTE

It is the responsibility of waste generator to determine whether his waste exhibits one or more of these characteristics.

The following are the scheduled wastes and thus subject to determination as whether they exhibit hazardous and/or toxic characteristics:

-           Air pollution control residues, including dusts, ashes, carbon and other reagents and sludges.
-           Dust, powder, ash, slag and dross from metals processing, including smelting and soldering.
-           Contaminated soil and water deriving from construction activities, such as excavation, dredging

Characteristic of corrosivity.

A waste exhibits the characteristic of corrosivity if a representative sample of the waste has either of the following properties:

(1)       It has an aqueous component and has a pH less than or equal to 2, or greater than or equal to 12.5, as determined by a pH meter.

(2)       It has a liquid component and corrodes steel (SAE 1020) at a rate greater than 6.35 mm (0.250 inch) per year at a test temperature of 55oC (130oF).  

Characteristic of ignitability.

A waste exhibits the characteristic of ignitability if a representative sample of the waste has any of the following properties:

(1)       It is a liquid, other than an aqueous solution containing less than 24 percent alcohol by volume and has flash point less than 60oC (140oF), as determined by a Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester or a Setaflash Closed Cup Tester.

(2)       It is not a liquid and is capable, under standard temperature and pressure, of causing fire through friction, absorption of moisture or spontaneous chemical changes and, when ignited, burns so vigorously and persistently that it creates  hazard.

(3)       It is an ignitable compressed gas. 

(4)       It is an oxidizer.

Characteristic of reactivity.

A waste exhibits the characteristic of reactivity if a representative sample of the waste has any of the following properties:

(1)       It is normally unstable and readily undergoes violent changes without detonating.

(2)       It reacts violently with water.

(3)       It forms potentially explosive mixtures with water.

(4)       When mixed with water, it generates toxic gases, vapors or fumes in a quantity sufficient to present a danger to human health or the environment.

(5)       It is a cyanide or sulfide bearing waste which, when exposed to pH conditions between 2 and 12.5, can generate toxic gases, vapors or fumes in a quantity sufficient to present a danger to human health or the environment.

(6)       It is capable of detonation or explosive reaction if it is subjected to a strong initiating source or if heated under confinement.

(7)       It is readily capable of detonation or explosive decomposition or reaction at standard temperature and pressure.

(8)       It is a forbidden explosive.

Toxicity characteristic.

A waste exhibits the characteristic of toxicity if, the extract from a representative sample of the waste contains any of the contaminants listed in Table 1 at the concentration equal to or greater than the respective value given in that table.

Table 1. -- Maximum Concentration of Contaminants for the Toxicity Characteristic (TCLP);

DOE CW No. 1

Contaminant

CAS No. 2

Regulatory Level (mg/L)

C004

Arsenic

7440-38-2

5.0

C005

Barium

7440-39-3

100.0

C018

Benzene

71-43-2

0.5

C006

Cadmium

7440-43-9

1.0

C019

Carbon tetrachloride

56-23-5

0.5

C020

Chlordane

57-74-9

0.03

C021

Chlorobenzene

108-90-7

100.0

C022

Chloroform

67-66-3

6.0

C007

Chromium

7440-47-3

5.0

C023

o-Cresol

95-48-7

4 200.0

C024

m-Cresol

108-39-4

4 200.0

C025

p-Cresol

106-44-5

4 200.0

C026

Cresol



4 200.0

C016

2,4-D

94-75-7

10.0

C027

1,4-Dichlorobenzene

106-46-7

7.5

C028

1,2-Dichloroethane

107-06-2

0.5

C029

1,1-Dichloroethylene

75-35-4

0.7

C030

2,4-Dinitrotoluene

121-14-2

3 0.13

C012

Endrin

72-20-8

0.02

C031

Heptachlor (and its epoxide)

76-44-8

0.008

C032

Hexachlorobenzene

118-74-1

3 0.13

C033

Hexachlorobutadiene

87-68-3

0.5

C034

Hexachloroethane

67-72-1

3.0

C008

Lead

7439-92-1

5.0

C013

Lindane

58-89-9

0.4

C009

Mercury

7439-97-6

0.2

C014

Methoxychlor

72-43-5

10.0

C035

Methyl ethyl ketone

78-93-3

200.0

C036

Nitrobenzene

98-95-3

2.0

C037

Pentrachlorophenol

87-86-5

100.0

C038

Pyridine

110-86-1

3 5.0

C010

Selenium

7782-49-2

1.0

C011

Silver

7440-22-4

5.0

C039

Tetrachloroethylene

127-18-4

0.7

C015

Toxaphene

8001-35-2

0.5

C040

Trichloroethylene

79-01-6

0.5

C041

2,4,5-Trichlorophenol

95-95-4

400.0

C042

2,4,6-Trichlorophenol

88-06-2

2.0

C017

2,4,5-TP (Silvex)

93-72-1

1.0

C043

Vinyl chloride

75-01-4

0.2

FOOTNOTE:         Characteristic  waste number.
FOOTNOTE:              2Chemical abstracts service number.
FOOTNOTE:              3Quantitation limit is greater than the calculated regulatory level. The quantitation limit therefore becomes the regulatory level.
FOOTNOTE:               4If o-, m-, and p-Cresol concentrations cannot be differentiated, the total cresol (D026) concentration is used. The regulatory level of total cresol is 200 mg/l.

Table 2 : Compositional Analysis (Dry Basis)

California Assessment Code Title 26 STLC (Soluble Threshold Limit Concentration) and TTLC (Total Threshold Limit Concentration.
                                                                  TTLC                     STLC
                                                                  mg/kg                    mg/L

Metals
Antimony (Sb)                                                        500                       15
Arsenic (As)                                                  500                       5
Barium (Ba)                                                  10000                    100
Berylium (Be)                                                75                         0.75
Cadmium (Cd)                                                        100                       1
Chromium (Cr)                                                       2500                      560
Chromium-VI (CrVI)                                       500                       5
Cobalt (Co)                                                  8000                      80
Copper (Cu)                                                 2500                      25
Lead (Pb)                                                     1000                      5
Mercury (Hg)                                                20                         0.2
Molybdenum (Mo)                                         3500                      350
Nickel (Ni)                                                    2000                      20
Selenium (Se)                                               100                       1
Silver (Ag)                                                    500                       5
Thallium (TI)                                                700                       7
Vanadium (V)                                                2400                      24
Zinc (Zn)                                                      5000                      250

Semivolatile Organics
o-Cresol                                                      
m-Cresol
p-Cresol
Cresol, Total
1.4-Dichlorobenzene
2.4-Dinitrotoluene
Hexachlorobenzene
Hexachlorobutadience
Hexachloroethane
Nitrobenzene
Pentachlorophenol                                         17                         1.7
2,4,5-Trichlorophenol
2,4,6- Trichlorophenol

Herbicides
2,4-Dichlorophenoxy acetic acid                        100                       10
2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxypropionic acid  (Silvex)     10                         1

Volatile Organics
Benzene
Carbon Tetrachloride
Chlorobenzene
Chloroform
1,2-Dichoroethane
1,1-Dicholoethylene
Methyl Ethyl Ketone
Pyridine
Trichloroethylene                                           2040                      204
Tetrachlroethylene                                        
Tetrachlroethylene
Vinyl Chloride

Pesticides and PCBs
Aldrin                                                           1.4                        0.14
Chlordane                                                     2.5                        0.25
DDT, DDE, DDD                                            1                           0.1
Dieldrin                                                        8                           0.8
Endrin                                                          0.2                        0.02
Heptachlor                                                   4.7                        0.47
Kepone                                                        21                         2.1
Lindane                                                        4                           0.4
Methoxychlor                                                100                       10
Mirex                                                           21                         2.1
PCBs                                                           50                         5
Toxaphene                                                   5                           0.5


Miscellaneous
Asbestos                                                      1%
Dioxin (2,3,7,8-TCDD)                                              0.01                      0.001
Fluoride salts                                                18000                    180
Organic Lead                                                13


1.       If o-,m-, and p-Cresol concentrations cannot be differentiated, the total Cresol        concentration is used.
2.       Quantitation limit is greater than the calculated regulatory level. The quantitation      limit therefore becomes the regulatory level.


Appendix 2
PROPERTIES OF WASTES WHICH RENDER THEM HAZARDOUS

Waste is regarded as hazardous if it demonstrates one or more of the following properties. If the waste contains a mixture with one or more chemical substances which demonstrate these properties, evaluation shall take into account the total content of these substances, as specified in Appendix 2.

Fire hazard



1. Explosive : solid, liquid, paste-like, or gelatinous substances or products which, without the effect of flame, can react to produce violent generation of heat with rapid generation of gas, and which under specific test conditions detonate and rapidly deflagrate, or when heated inpart confinement, explode.
2. Oxidising : Substances and products which exhibit highly exothermic reactions when in contact with other substances, particularly flammable substances.
3. Flammable : Substances and products (including those which are extremely flammable and highly flammable) which:
¨      Become hot and finally catch fire in contact with air at ambient temperature without any application of energy; or
¨      In solid form may readily catch fire after brief contact with a source of ignition and which continue to burn or be consumed after the removal of the source of ignition; or
¨      In liquid form have a flash point of lower than 0oC and a boiling point lower than or equals to 35oC (extremely flammable) ; a flash point below 21oC (highly flammable); a flash point equals to or greater than 21oC and less than or equals to 55oC (flammable).
¨      In contact with water or damp air evolve highly flammable gases in dangerous quantities, or
¨      Liquid substances and products with a low flash point

Health hazard
4. Very toxic: Substances and products which :
¨      If they are inhaled or ingested, or if they penetrate may involve extremely serious, acute or chronic health risks or even death; or
¨      The LD50 absorbed orally in rat is less than 25 mg/kg or the LD-50 percutaneous absorption in rat or rabbit is less than 50 mg/kg or the LC-50 absorbed by inhalation in rat is less than 0.5 mg/liter (administered for a minimum period of four hours)
5. Toxic: Substances and products which :
¨      If they are inhaled or ingested, or if they penetrate the skin may involve serious, acute or chronic health risks or even death; or
¨      The LD50 absorbed orally in rat is between 25 to 200 mg/kg or the LD-50 percutaneous absorption in rat or rabbit is between 50 to 400 mg/kg or the LC-50 absorbed by inhalation in rat is between 0.5 to 2 mg/liter (administered for a minimum period of four hours)
6. Harmful : Substances and products which:
¨      if they are inhaled or ingested, or if they penetrate the skin may involve limited health risks; or
¨      The LD50 absorbed orally in rat is between 200 to 500 mg/kg or the LD-50 percutaneous absorption in rat or rabbit is between 400 to 2000 mg/kg or the LC-50 absorbed by inhalation in rat is between 2 to 20 mg/liter (administered for a minimum period of four hours)

7. Corrosive: Substances or products which may destroy living tissue on contact.
8. Irritant : Substances or products which, without being corrosive, may cause inflammation through immediate, prolonged or repeated contact with the skin or mucous membrane.
9. Carcinogenic: Substances and products which if they are inhaled or ingested, or if they penetrate the skin, may induce cancer or increases its incidence.
10. Mutagenic : Substances and products which if they are inhaled or ingested, or if they penetrate the skin, may induce hereditary genetic defects or increase their incidence.
11. Teratogenic and harmful to fertility: Substances and products which if they are inhaled or ingested, or if they penetrate the skin, may induce or increase the incidence of non-hereditary side-effects in offspring or a deterioration of male or female fertility or ability to fertilise.
Harmful to the environment
12. Ecotoxic: Substances and products which present, or may present immediate or delayed risks for one or more sectors of the environment.
Infectious
13. Infectious: Substances containing viable micro-organisms or their toxins which are known or reliably believed to cause disease in man or other living organisms.

 

Methods of examination


In testing for characteristics 1 to 11, the method of examination used shall be as stated in the following European Community (EC) Directives:

i.              Council Directive 87/302/European Economic Commission (EEC)1 for toxicity and ecotoxicity tests;
ii.            Council Directive 92/69/EEC2 for physical, chemical, toxicity and ecotoxiciy tests; and
iii.           Council Directive 96/54/EC3 for toxicity and health effects tests.
_______________________________
1Official Journal (OJ) No. L133 30/5/1998
2OJ No. L383 29/12/1992
3OJ No. L248 30/9/1996

Appendix 3

Percentage limitations which render waste non hazardous

In the assessment of whether waste which contains a mixture of one or more chemical substances is hazardous,  characteristics which are mentioned in Appendix 1 should be taken into account.

Waste is hazardous under all circumstances if:

¨      The flash point of the waste is less than or equals to 55oC and/or if:
¨      The sum of the composite, chemical substance(s) which exhibit the characteristics specified in the Appendix 1 amounts to a concentration which is equal to, or exceeds, the following percentage limits (percentage weights).

Characteristic

%
Highly toxic (R26, R27, R28, R39)1)
0.1
Toxic (R23, R24, R25)1)
3
Toxic (R48, R39)1)
1
Health hazard (R20, R21, R22)1)
25
Health hazard (R48)1)
10
Corrosive (R35)1)
1
Corrosive (R34)1)
5
Irritant (R36, R37, R38)1)
20
Irritant (R41)1)
5
Carcinogenic, category 1 or 2 (R45, R49)1)
0.12)
Carcinogenic, category 3 (R40)1)
12)
Mutagenic, category 1 or 2 (R46)1)
0.12)
Mutagenic, category 3 (R40)1)
12)
Teratogenic and harmful to fertility, category 1 or 2 (R60, R61)1)
0.52)
Teratogenic and harmful to fertility, category 3 (R62, R63)1)
52)
Ecotoxic, marine environment (R50, R51, R52, R53) and other ecosystems (R54, R55, R56, R57, R58, R59)1)
Not set
Infectious
Not set
______________________________________________________________________

1) Refer to the Department of Safety and Health’s prevailing regulations on classification, packaging and labeling of hazardous chemicals, namely the Occupational Safety And Health (Classification, Packaging And Labeling Of Hazardous Chemicals) Regulations 1997 or EC Council Directive 91/689/EEC.

2) Concentration limits apply to individual chemical substances with the relevant characteristics.

Appendix 4


(AS. WM-1/04)

APPLICATION FOR SPECIAL MANAGEMENT OF SCHEDULED WASTE UNDER REGULATION 7, ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY (SCHEDULED WASTES) REGULATIONS  2004

A.        PENGENALAN
IDENTIFICATION

1. (i)     Nama Pemohon:
Name of Applicant

(ii)     Alamat Pemohon:
Address of Applicant

(iii)    Telefon:
Telephone

   (iv)    Telefaks:
Telefax

2. (i)     Nama Premis:
Name of Premises

   (ii)     Alamat Premis:
Address of Premises

   (iii)    Telefon:
Telephone

   (iv)    Telefaks:
Telefax




B.        MAKLUMAT OPERASI
            OPERATIONAL INFORMATION

            3. Justifikasi bagi permohonan
    Justification for application

4. Lampirkan senarai bahan-bahan mentah utama dan kuantiti yang digunakan
    Attach list of main raw materials and the quantity used

5. Lampirkan senarai hasil pengeluaran
    Attach list of final products

6. Lampirkan keterangan proses pengeluaran dan rajah aliran yang berkaitan
   Attach description of production processes and the relevant flow diagrams

C. PENGURUSAN BUANGAN TERJADUAL
    SCHEDULED WASTE MANAGEMENT

7. Keterangan mengenai buangan terjadual yang dipohon untuk pengurusan khas cth. kategori dan kuantiti buangan terjadual
Description of the specific schedule waste applied for the exclusion ie. scheduled waste category and quantity.

8. Senarai asas buangan terjadual – keterangan mengapa buangan dikategorikan sebagai buangan terjadual.
Basis Scheduled waste listing – describe on why the waste is classified as scheduled waste

9. Sejarah penghasilan buangan terjadual – samaada ia telah dihasilkan, sedang dihasilkan atau akan dihasilkan dimasa hadapan.
History of scheduled waste generation-whether it has been generated in the past, is presently generated or will be generated in the future.

10. Jumlah buangan – purata dan jumlah maksimum buangan yang dihasilkan mengikut bulan atau tahun.
   Waste volume-average and maximum volume of waste generated monthly or annually.

11. Sejarah pelupusan buangan terjadual – kaedah pelupusan dahulu, sekarang dan dimasa akan datang.
Schedule waste disposal  history- disposal method on the past, present and future.

12. Bagaimana buangan terjadual akan diuruskan jika permohonan dibenarkan.
      How the scheduled waste will be managed if application is granted

D MAKLUMAT PROSES DAN PENGURUSAN BUANGAN TERJADUAL
PROCESS AND SCHEDULED  WASTE MANAGEMENT INFORMATION
  
            13. Maklumat mengenai semua proses dan bahan mentah yang digunakan yang menyumbang kepada buangan terjadual
                  Information on everyl processes and raw materials contributing to the scheduled wastes.

            14. Penjelasan samaada buangan terjadual dihasilkan daripada proses perkilangan atau proses loji pengolahan air buangan, pemprosesan bahan, operasi pengurusan buangan dan lain-lain operasi yang boleh menyumbang kepada terhasilnya buangan terjadual.
                  Clarify  whether the scheduled waste is generated from manufacturing process or wastewater treatment process, process materials, waste management operations and other facility operations that might contribute to the scheduled waste.


E.  PENYENARAIAN SEMUA BAHAN BERBAHAYA
      LIST OF ALL HAZARDOUS CONSTITUENTS

15.   Penyenaraian bahan-bahan difikirkan perlu diberi perhatian dan semua ciri-ciri buangan merbahaya hendaklah dikemukakan dalam semua pemohonan
Develop a list of constituents of concern and hazardous waste characteristic in generaland this should be addressed in all applications.

16.   Menjalankan analisis bagi mengenalpasti lain-lain bahan kimia yang merbahaya mungkin wujud dalam buangan
Conduct an analysis to identify whether any other constituents of concern may be present in the waste.

17.   Mengenalpasti mana-mana bahan yang mana kajian akan dijalankan berdasarkan kepada senarai
      Identify constituents for which testing study would be conducted, based on the list.

18.   Mengenalpasti kawalan kualiti bagi tujuan kajian buangan
      Identify quality control for waste study.


F.   MAKLUMAT PERSAMPELAN BUANGAN
WASTE SAMPLING INFORMATION

            20. Teknik pengendalian & penyediaan yang digunakan bagi setiap sampel dan jenis dan jumlah pengawet yang digunakan.
                  Handling & preparation techniques used for each sample and types and amounts of preservatives used.


G.   MAKLUMAT ANALISIS BUANGAN
      WASTE ANALYSIS INFORMATION

21. Samaada pengambilan sampel mewakili buangan terjadual yang berubah atau seragam
            Whether collected samples represent the variability or uniformity of the scheduled waste.

            22. Persampelan dijalankan oleh orang yang berkelayakan
            Waste sampling was conducted by qualified personnel.

D. BAYARAN
 FEE

23. Bayaran memproses: RM300.00
Processing Fee

24.       Disertakan Kiriman Wang/Wang Pos/Bank Draf bernombor :
Enclosed Money Order/Postal Order/Bank Draft number :_________________
berjumlah RM 300.00 untuk bayaran memproses kebenaran bertulis.
of RM 300.00 for the written permission processing fee.

Saya, dengan ini mengaku bahawa segala maklumat yang diberi dalam permohonan ini adalah
benar dan betul sepanjang pengetahuan dan kepercayaan saya.
I, hereby declare that all information given in this application is to the best of my knowledge and belief true and correct



Tandatangan:
Signature:

Nama:
Name:

Jawatan:
Designation:

Pengesahan:
Certified Stamp:

Tarikh:
Date:

Note: Kindly revert to the DOE for all administrative inquiry.